Monday, June 15, 2009

Causes of Vomiting in infants

Vomiting could be a part of many illnesses in babies and children. It is not a major concern in general as long as the child is otherwise okay and free from other conditions. Vomiting is considered as common for infants, babies and children. The condition occurs when the food is brought back up from the stomach into the mouth and generally, the content is of stomach. All babies will throw up (vomit) a little. We call these spills or possets and these are the most usual cause of infant vomiting.

Sometimes, these possets are a little blood-stained - this is usually no cause for alarm. Milk coming from the stomach, back up the esophagus and out the mouth is also called gastro-esophageal reflux. Most of the time, vomiting in children is caused by gastroenteritis, usually due to a virus infecting the gastrointestinal tract. (Gastroenteritis is sometimes called the "stomach flu," which can also cause nausea and diarrhea.).

These infections usually don't last long and are more disruptive than dangerous. However, kids (especially infants) who are unable to take in enough fluids and also have diarrhea could become dehydrated. It's important to stay calm — vomiting is frightening for young children (and parents, too) and exhausting for kids of all ages. Offering plenty of reassurance to your child and taking measures to prevent dehydration are key for a quick recovery.

The most important factor in determining whether infant vomiting is a problem or not is to look at the rest of your baby. You don't have to worry if she is gaining weight, happy, developing normally (ie. learning new tricks all the time), otherwise well in herself.

Labels:- Vomiting in Infants, Ask a Doctor

Thursday, May 21, 2009

Swine Flu Treatment Tips

The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to the common flu that occurs in humans. The symptoms are mostly fever, cold, cough, runny nose, body aches, diarrhea, vomiting, headache etc. In swine flu the symptoms might be more severe like breathlessness, very high grade fever, loss of appetite and fluid intake, listlessness etc.The important fact is to prevent the spread of this infection. Since it spreads through fomites i.e. through air, infected articles like tissue, paper, pen etc, the preventive measures are very important.

Preventing swine flu from spreading –

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
  • Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze.
  • You can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.

Self care tips regarding swine flu –

  • Avoid crowded places
  • Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • Stay home from work or school if you are sick.
  • Consult a doctor immediately when in doubt about your symptoms.

What is H1N1?

The present outbreak in humans, known as "swine flu", is due to a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that contained genes most closely related to swine influenza. The origin of this new strain is unknown. However, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) reports that this strain has not been isolated in pigs, hence can be transmitted from human to human and cause the normal symptoms of influenza.

Label:- Swine Flu Treatments, Swine Flu Symptoms, Swine Flu Causes, Ask a Doctor

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Eye Flu Infection Causes

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an infection of the conjunctiva (the outer-most layer of the eye that covers the Conjunctivitis ( pink eye )sclera). Eye flu or pink eye is caused by an infection which can be bacterial or viral. The viral type is often associated with an upper respiratory tract infection, cold, or sore throat. Bacterial conjunctivitis is often caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus. The severity of the infection depends on the type of bacteria involved.

Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis are watery discharge, Irritation, Red eye etc. Infection usually begins with one eye, but may spread easily to the fellow eye. Symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis are Stringy discharge that may cause the lids to stick together, especially after sleeping, Redness of the conjunctiva, Redness, Watering, Irritation and/or a gritty feeling, Usually affects only one eye, but may spread easily to the fellow eye.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments that cover a broad range of bacteria. Like the common cold, there is no cure for viral conjunctivitis; however, the symptoms can be relieved with cool compresses and artificial tears (found in most pharmacies). For the worst cases, topical steroid drops may be prescribed to reduce the discomfort from inflammation. Viral conjunctivitis usually takes longer to resolve than bacterial conjunctivitis.To avoid spreading infection, take these simple steps. Disinfect surfaces such as doorknobs and counters with diluted bleach solution. Don’t swim (some bacteria can be spread in the water). Avoid touching the face. Wash hands frequently or use hand sanitizer. Don’t share towels or washcloths. Preferably use tissues than handkerchief to wipe eyes. Avoid shaking hands. Avoid going to work or public places till the infection is active.

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Label:- eye flu infection treatment

Tuesday, May 5, 2009

Symptoms of Illness in Infants

One of the common challenges among parents around the world is helping their infants cope with the various illnesses that are so much a part of their early years. In a society where vaccines are abundant and environmental conditions are far better than they were as little as a hundred years ago, these same maladies persist. Let’s face it – regardless of inoculations, most infants will contract one or more illnesses that seem to be intrinsic to childhood. If your infant should suddenly exhibit symptoms, you’ll need to recognize them and seek the necessary medical attention.

Here are some of the more common illnesses that may invade your infant’s health, complete with a list of symptoms and treatments. Symptoms and illness during the first 6 months of life are common occurrences and can be of major concern to the infants' mothers. Appropriate recognition of the symptoms, determination of severity, and proper treatment can substantially reduce illness and prevent some deaths.

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Labels:- Symptoms of illness in Infants, Online Medical Experts

Friday, April 24, 2009

Body Swelling - Cause and Treatment

Swelling in the body mostly occurs when there is involvement of organs like heart, liver, kidney, thyroid etc. Various infections and inflammation of these organs directly or indirectly can affect swelling in the body. The most common cause of swelling in the body are Kidney diseases - Acute glomerulonephritis, Chronic kidney disease, Nephrotic syndrome, Burns, including sunburn, Heart failure, Liver failure from cirrhosis, Poor nutrition, Pregnancy, Thyroid disease, Too little albumin in the blood (hypoalbuminemia), Too much salt or sodium, Severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis, Use of certain drugs, including Androgenic and anabolic steroids, Calcium channel blockers, Certain blood pressure medicines, Corticosteroids such as prednisone, Diabetes medicines called thiazolidinediones, Estrogen, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) etc.

The treatment depends of the cause of swelling. Initial investigations like liver function test, renal function test, echocardiogram, blood counts, electrolyte levels, urine analysis, blood pressure measurement etc are done to know the cause of the swelling. Depending on the underlying disease treatment is started by your doctor. Various home measures can be taken like restricting salt in diet, rest and continue the prescribed medicines if given. The outcome of body swelling depends on the cause, and the treatment prescribed. In many cases with appropriate medicines, and regular diet and follow up would lead to significant improvement in patients with body swelling.

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Label:- Online Doctor Help, Causes of Body Swelling

Tuesday, January 20, 2009

Nutrition in Children

Health and nutrition go hand in hand. Better the nutrition of the child healthier he/she will be. Due to constant growth of children a healthy nutritious balanced diet is necessary. There are a few guidelines for diet in children if followed help in proper growth of the child –

Maintain a good balance of fruits and vegetables in the child’s diet
Try giving five servings of fruits and vegetables a day
Avoid junk food and fast food
Water and milk should be preferred instead of sugary fruit drinks and sodas
Choose healthy sources of protein, such as lean meat, fish, nuts and eggs
A fibre diet should be preferred by giving whole-grain breads and cereals
Broil, grill or steam foods instead of frying them
Avoid fat and sugary products in your child's diet.
Give items rich in Calcium.

A good diet and healthy eating habits in childhood lay the foundation for a healthy adult life. Nowadays, there is a tendency to eat a lot of junk food. To ensure a good diet by your child, you yourself would need to give him/her company.

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Labels:- online medical help, Ask the Doctor

Wednesday, January 7, 2009

Low Eye Vision Problem

People of all ages may have low vision, but the elderly are more often affected. Several conditions can cause low vision. Each condition may affect sight ability in a different way. The various causes of low vision can be –

  1. Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) – ROP occurs in infants born prematurely and is caused by high oxygen levels in incubators during the critical neonatal period
  2. Cataract – This can be age related (in older people), comgenital (by birth), complicated (due to an injury or infectio/inflammation of eye)
  3. Simple spectacle correction or astigmatism
  4. Glaucoma – An increase in pressure in the eye can damage the optic nerve of the eye and can lead to permanent loss or decrease of vision.
  5. Macular Degeneration – Seen in older age group and affects the retina, the light sensitive lining at the back of the eye where images are focused. The macula—the area on the retina responsible for sharp central vision—deteriorates, causing blurred vision, which may cause problems such as difficulty reading, and for some, a blind spot in the central area of vision.
  6. Retinal detachment – A hole or break in the retina can cause sudden loss of vision of the eye.
  7. Other causes like degenerative disorders like retinitis pigmentosa, eye injury, brain stroke, brain tumor etc can also cause loss of vision.

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Label:- Low Eye Vision