Sunday, September 14, 2008

Symptom of Breast Diseases

Most women experience breast changes at some time. Your age, hormone levels and medicines you take may cause lumps, bumps and discharges. Common symptoms of potential breast disease that need further evaluation include a breast lump, pain, discharge or skin irritation. It is important to remember that minor and serious breast problems have similar symptoms. Although many women fear cancer, most breast problems are not cancer.

Some common causes of breast changes are

* Fibrocystic breast condition - lumpiness, thickening and swelling, often associated with a woman's period
* Cysts - fluid-filled lumps
* Fibroadenomas - solid, round, rubbery lumps that move easily when pushed, occurring most in younger women
* Intraductal papillomas - growths similar to warts near the nipple
* Blocked or clogged milk ducts
* Milk production when a woman is not breastfeeding
* Injury

One out of eight women are at risk of developing breast cancer over their lifetime. Monthly breast self exam is one part of total breast care that includes annual physical exams and mammograms after age 40. Between 33 and 50 percent of all women experience benign breast disease or another benign breast disease. If you discover a lump in one breast, check the other breast. If both breasts feel the same, the lumpiness is probably normal. You should, however, mention it to your doctor at your next visit.

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Label: Online Medical Advice, Breast Disease Symptoms

Tuesday, September 9, 2008

Types of Bone Diseases

Types of Bone Diseases

The bones along with the muscles form the framework over which the rest of the body is supported. Your bones help you move, give you shape and support your body. However we need to be aware that they are living tissues that rebuild constantly throughout your life. During childhood and your teens, your body adds new bone faster than it removes old bone. After about age 20, you can lose bone faster than you make bone. To have strong bones when you are young, and to prevent bone loss when you are older, you need to get enough calcium, vitamin D and exercise.

There are many kinds of bone problems:
* Osteoporosis makes your bones weak and more likely to break
* Rickets – Due to Vitamin D deficiency in kids
* Osteogenesis imperfecta makes your bones brittle
* Paget's disease of bone makes them weak
* Bone disease can make bones easy to break
* Bones can also develop cancer
* Spine disease due to degtenerative changes, poor posture etc. may lead to neurological problems including paralysis
* Infections in the bone like osteomylelitis can be very difficult to treat.
* Other bone diseases are caused by poor nutrition, genetic factors or problems with the rate of bone growth or rebuilding

It is important that you are evaluated by an orthopedician so that appropriate tests can be done and treatment given for all types of bone diseases.

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Label: Ask the Doctor, Bone Diseases

Monday, September 1, 2008

Major Factor for Abdominal Pain

Many factors can pose a significant challenge to doctors in managing chronic abdominal pain. While a careful review of a patient's medical history, a thorough physical examination, and appropriate studies usually help provide an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan for acute (short-term or sudden onset) pain, the same cannot be said for chronic (prolonged or long-term) pain. In fact, some therapies appropriate for acute pain, such as analgesics (pain medications), rest, and surgery, may only worsen chronic pain.

The first step in managing chronic abdominal pain is determining the nature, causes, and development of any abnormal condition, and the mechanism of pain. For optimal management, pain must be assessed from biological, social, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral perspectives.

Here are the common factors that influence abdominal pain …
Anxiety and depression
Anxious feelings are common and often occur in every one of us, but they may cause emotional and physical distress. Physical symptoms of anxiety include increased muscle tension, which can worsen symptoms of irritable bowel disease.
Activity level
Pain is minimized by distraction and increased by attention. When we spend time involved in activities, attention is drawn away from pain symptoms. But a lack of activity increases self-awareness and tends to focus attention on pain. Also, inactivity not only leads to general de-conditioning, but also to weakening of the abdominal muscles, which contributes to poor posture and increases pressure on the joints.
Cognitive and emotional factors
How a person understands and interprets pain can influence suffering.
Addictive behavior
Chemical dependence, including narcotics, tranquilizer addictions, and alcoholism, are important contributors to chronic pain. Not only does chemical dependence increase pain symptoms, but it also can produce cravings, muscle spasms, and other symptoms that are experienced as pain.

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