Monday, June 15, 2009

Causes of Vomiting in infants

Vomiting could be a part of many illnesses in babies and children. It is not a major concern in general as long as the child is otherwise okay and free from other conditions. Vomiting is considered as common for infants, babies and children. The condition occurs when the food is brought back up from the stomach into the mouth and generally, the content is of stomach. All babies will throw up (vomit) a little. We call these spills or possets and these are the most usual cause of infant vomiting.

Sometimes, these possets are a little blood-stained - this is usually no cause for alarm. Milk coming from the stomach, back up the esophagus and out the mouth is also called gastro-esophageal reflux. Most of the time, vomiting in children is caused by gastroenteritis, usually due to a virus infecting the gastrointestinal tract. (Gastroenteritis is sometimes called the "stomach flu," which can also cause nausea and diarrhea.).

These infections usually don't last long and are more disruptive than dangerous. However, kids (especially infants) who are unable to take in enough fluids and also have diarrhea could become dehydrated. It's important to stay calm — vomiting is frightening for young children (and parents, too) and exhausting for kids of all ages. Offering plenty of reassurance to your child and taking measures to prevent dehydration are key for a quick recovery.

The most important factor in determining whether infant vomiting is a problem or not is to look at the rest of your baby. You don't have to worry if she is gaining weight, happy, developing normally (ie. learning new tricks all the time), otherwise well in herself.

Labels:- Vomiting in Infants, Ask a Doctor

Thursday, May 21, 2009

Swine Flu Treatment Tips

The symptoms of swine flu are very similar to the common flu that occurs in humans. The symptoms are mostly fever, cold, cough, runny nose, body aches, diarrhea, vomiting, headache etc. In swine flu the symptoms might be more severe like breathlessness, very high grade fever, loss of appetite and fluid intake, listlessness etc.The important fact is to prevent the spread of this infection. Since it spreads through fomites i.e. through air, infected articles like tissue, paper, pen etc, the preventive measures are very important.

Preventing swine flu from spreading –

  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
  • Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze.
  • You can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizers.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.

Self care tips regarding swine flu –

  • Avoid crowded places
  • Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
  • Stay home from work or school if you are sick.
  • Consult a doctor immediately when in doubt about your symptoms.

What is H1N1?


The present outbreak in humans, known as "swine flu", is due to a new strain of influenza A virus subtype H1N1 that contained genes most closely related to swine influenza. The origin of this new strain is unknown. However, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) reports that this strain has not been isolated in pigs, hence can be transmitted from human to human and cause the normal symptoms of influenza.


Label:- Swine Flu Treatments, Swine Flu Symptoms, Swine Flu Causes, Ask a Doctor

Saturday, May 9, 2009

Eye Flu Infection Causes

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as pink eye, is an infection of the conjunctiva (the outer-most layer of the eye that covers the Conjunctivitis ( pink eye )sclera). Eye flu or pink eye is caused by an infection which can be bacterial or viral. The viral type is often associated with an upper respiratory tract infection, cold, or sore throat. Bacterial conjunctivitis is often caused by bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus. The severity of the infection depends on the type of bacteria involved.

Symptoms of viral conjunctivitis are watery discharge, Irritation, Red eye etc. Infection usually begins with one eye, but may spread easily to the fellow eye. Symptoms of bacterial conjunctivitis are Stringy discharge that may cause the lids to stick together, especially after sleeping, Redness of the conjunctiva, Redness, Watering, Irritation and/or a gritty feeling, Usually affects only one eye, but may spread easily to the fellow eye.

Bacterial conjunctivitis is usually treated with antibiotic eye drops or ointments that cover a broad range of bacteria. Like the common cold, there is no cure for viral conjunctivitis; however, the symptoms can be relieved with cool compresses and artificial tears (found in most pharmacies). For the worst cases, topical steroid drops may be prescribed to reduce the discomfort from inflammation. Viral conjunctivitis usually takes longer to resolve than bacterial conjunctivitis.To avoid spreading infection, take these simple steps. Disinfect surfaces such as doorknobs and counters with diluted bleach solution. Don’t swim (some bacteria can be spread in the water). Avoid touching the face. Wash hands frequently or use hand sanitizer. Don’t share towels or washcloths. Preferably use tissues than handkerchief to wipe eyes. Avoid shaking hands. Avoid going to work or public places till the infection is active.

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Label:- eye flu infection treatment